In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the expansion of the 'Society of Jesus' in South America appeared as the spiritual and humanistic counterpart of military conquest and political domination. The method consisted in regrouping the natives in relatively autonomous villages facilitating teaching and religious education.
The Guaranis enjoyed during 150 years a status of free citizens, equal to Spaniards. This book presents not only the art treasures of the Jesuit Guaranis missions, but other important historic, social and cultural aspects of this outstanding human and religious experience.
Soon after, however, civil and ecclesiastical power would unleash international opinion against the Society of Jesus, provoking the brutal expulsion of the Fathers from the region in 1768.