The Nordic subarctic-subalpine birch forest belt is unique to Fennoscandia, the Kola Peninsula, Iceland and southern Greenland. The area, covered by Nordic mountain birch, is characterized by extensive multiple use, including reindeer husbandry, forest and tourist industries, and hunting and fishing. Scientifically, the mountain birch has been of special interest from a genetic and ecological angle, including the use of experimental approaches to assess the effects of phylogenesis and environment on biological performance. Such approaches lie at the core of the collaborative studies on Nordic mountain birch ecostystems described in this volume.
MOTS CLES · Climatologie · Écologie · Écosystème · Environnement naturel · Islande · Montagne · Pollution · Ressources naturelles · Science