This publication deals with the use of incentives in the planning and management of education as a way of promoting the desired behaviour in the key protagonists in the educational process. Educational planning was in the past too greatly concerned with preparing educational policies and plans and not enough with the mobilization of its players. The use of incentives has the potential of reminding planners that real individuals and groups are the actors and recipients of all educational activities. As the central planning role changes from one predominantly of establishing and enforcing mandates to one with a greater emphasis on stimulation and facilitation, the understanding of incentive structures and their proper use becomes an essential planning skill.
This volume of essays starts with a discussion of the concepts of incentives and of their planning in educational planning and management. It counters many misconceptions about what incentives are and how relevant they can be to planners at various levels of the educational system. It then explores the new educational environment. Much of the interest in incentive concepts is linked to the changes in political structures related to democratization, decentralization, privatization and increased dependence on partnership. The remaining chapters are organized around applications of incentive analysis to current educational issues and the use of incentives for specific planning and management tasks. Formula funding in basic and secondary education and fiscal and legal incentives in higher education illustrate the relationship of incentives as mandates and incentives as rewards. The incentives for teacher performance and for pupils' achievements, two important areas of concern for planners and managers of education, constitute two separate chapters. This is followed by a discussion of the use of incentives in special education. The final chapters emphasize the role of central authorities in educational planning and the importance of linking the information base to incentives.